26.06.2014

The "Science Café” series began

The first talk was entitled "How to feed 7,000 million people?" and was given by the Argentine researcher Eduardo Trigo and the French geologist Xavier Arnauld de Sartre. Next meeting in July will be about climate change

The "Science Café” series began

The head of the Ministry of Science, Lino Barañao, the French ambassador in Argentina, Jean-Michel Casa, Diego Golombek, Xavier Arnauld de Sartre and Eduardo Trigo in the first Science Café.

The first talk of the "Science Café" series yesterday afternoon took place in the Science and Technology Cluster, organized jointly by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Productive Innovation and the French Embassy. "How to feed 7,000 million people?" was the title of the talk given in this first meeting in which solutions that science and technology proposed for global food production and the change in rural dynamics and agricultural production in recent decades were reflected during two hours.

"Initiatives like this occur because from the Ministry we think that the popularization of science is one of the core activities that should be revalued", said Barañao

The head of the Ministry of Science, Lino Barañao, opened this first edition of the series and said: "Initiatives like this occur because from the Ministry we think that the popularization of science is one of the core activities that should be revalued. In particular, scientific publication is the first return to common citizens from the investment made in science and technology, which takes form as an opportunity to access accurate information to take effective decisions. The French ambassador in Argentina, Jean-Michel Casa also participated in the opening, who said that the "Science Café" series mean an instance to give to people some of the work French and Argentine researchers make together, in a non-academic and formal space, to be near people. "Science is increasingly present in our daily life and discuss the progress in this area is to contribute to the democratic development of communities and enhances the dialogue between the scientific community and society”, Casa said.

Central presentations were made by the specialists Eduardo Trigo and Xavier Arnauld de Sartre who presented the topic and then spoke with the audience. The French geographer, Arnauld de Sartre, argued that the population growth, the climate change and the biodiversity crisis are the three global changes of the age, and he said that "these are the variables that face scientists and specialists with the situation of thinking methods to produce food differently, amid a situation of double constraint:  from one side production have to be increased, but on the other side environment have to be preserved. This is what is being discussed today in science”. During his presentation, the geographer said: "In Argentina, Brazil and to a lesser extent, the United States changes are so huge that we can think that this is an agricultural revolution, and this is a change in the production system, the actors and the inclusion of agriculture to society".

In turn, Eduardo Trigo talked about what is, in his opinion, the current challenge: "The issue we face today is how to start taking right decisions to feed 10 billion people in 50 years. Our challenge is that in 2050 we must feed 9 billion people with zero hunger, and I personally consider it as a possible challenge" the specialist said. Later, Trigo argued that in the future the problem is not only the increase of population and climate changes but also resources such as land and water, and in this regard he said: "We will have to feed more and more people with more unstable systems. So the solution lies in the intensity of knowledge and embrace diversity, ie, understanding that knowledge is not only related to technological development but also allow us to better understand production realities, and that the road goes on technological development and the application of the most appropriate technologies to each local production scenarios". "It is about adapting each production strategy to local ecological conditions enabling optimal or more efficient exploitation of resources at our disposal", Trigo finished. 

The moderator of the meeting was Diego Golombek. The "Science Café" series are developed in the context of the 50 years of cooperation between France and Argentina. It is an initiative of the National Programme for the Popularization of Science and Innovation and the National Directorate of International Relations of the ministry of Science along with the French Embassy in Argentina, which is proposed as a space for reflection between the scientific community and people. The cycle will be made once a month and Argentine and French scientists will present a topic related to their research and will talk with the audience.

Next talk will be held in late July and will focus on climate change and the Argentine viticulture. The venue will be again the Café at the Science and Technology Cluster, Godoy Cruz 2320, Buenos Aires. Admission is free, pre-registration is required cafedelasciencias@mincyt.gob.ar.

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  • The "Science Café” series began
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The "Science Café” series began

The head of the Ministry of Science, Lino Barañao, the French ambassador in Argentina, Jean-Michel Casa, Diego Golombek, Xavier Arnauld de Sartre and Eduardo Trigo in the first Science Café.

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