The Law on Open Access to Scientific Information was approved

The National Senate unanimously approved the rule requiring the country's scientific institutions to facilitate open access to research.

The Law on Open Access to Scientific Information was approved

The National Senate this afternoon unanimously approved the Law.

The National Senate this afternoon unanimously passed the law, which provides that those institutions of the National System of Science and Technology which receive funding from the National State must create institutional digital repositories with free and open access where the national scientific and technological production will be reported.

The scientific information to be published in the digital repositories shall include technical and scientific papers, academic theses, journal articles, and other materials resulting from publicly-funded research activities either through their researchers, technologists, professors, postdoctoral fellows and masters and doctoral students. The Law also establishes the mandatory publication of primary research data after five years to be used by other researchers.

The secretary of Scientific and Technological Articulation from the Ministry, Alejandro Ceccatto, said "the enactment of this Law is a response to the monopoly position of large international publishers which concentrate the publication of scientific research" and he added that "its aim is that publicly-funded scientific production be available.It is unacceptable that society can not access to the information resulting from research activities funded by the National State".

After the initial approval in the Chamber of Deputies, during May 2012, Nature, the prestigious journal reported that "this type of national legislation is not common in the rest of the world but some countries are beginning to delineate policies designed to open access to publicly-funded research”. The magazine also noted that "Argentina is nationalizing its scientific production" and that this would "benefit the international community".

In the region, only Peru has an Open Access Law enacted last year, which made the country the second in Latin America after Argentina, to raise national legislation on the matter.  Regarding the United States of America, the obligation to publish research information reaches only those publicly-funded activities through its National Institutes of Health (NIH). Finally, the European Commission promotes the open access but still with isolated initiatives.

According to the provisions of the Law, the model of open access to scientific - technological production means that users of this type of material may, without charge, read, download, copy, distribute, print, search or link the complete texts of scientific articles, and use them for legitimate purposes related to scientific research, education or public policy management, without economic, legal or techniques barriers other than those involving the Internet itself.

Institutional repositories Network

On November 29, 2012, in Buenos Aires the continent's highest scientific authorities agreed to create "La Referencia", a project to develop a federated network of institutional repositories of scientific publications. This initiative seeks to store, share and give visibility to the scientific production generated in Latin America.

The project involves the creation and operation of interoperable repositories of scientific publications generated in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela and El Salvador.  The signatory Members undertake to :  to make that  public-funds beneficiaries and researchers publish the research results in accordance with the principles of public access; to develop tools and mechanisms to assess the contributions in the field of open access and create tools to measure the scientific production of the repositories in the region. This system will support and facilitate equitable access to scientific production of Latin America as a regional public good, supporting their circulation through internet.

The Inter-American Development Bank, institution funding the project, estimates that the regional strategies for Open Access could benefit more than 700,000 teachers, 70,000 researchers and 15,000,000 students in Latin America.

Department of Scientific and Technological Articulation
  • The Law on Open Access to Scientific Information was approved
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The Law on Open Access to Scientific Information was approved

The National Senate this afternoon unanimously approved the Law.

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